WORK PACKAGE 1
Description of a resource based economy in terms of ES dependence
Lead: Claire Armstrong (UiT). Co-lead: Vera Hausner (UiT)
Aim of the work package: To formulate a conceptual model for a resource based economy, where subsistence activities and socio-cultural values play a role for the welfare of the households. The model will be set up for an economy depending on marine ecosystem services, and based on an existing mapping of marine ecosystem services in the Norwegian and Barents Seas, and adjoining fjords and coastal areas. This work will serve as basis for the extended cost-benefit analysis’ and bio-economic models in work package 4, especially when analysing effects of conservation preferences and distributional effects of potential redistributions of ecosystem service utilization.
Ecosystem service valuation methods, extended cost-benefit analysis, and bio-economic modelling
Lead: Ståle Navrud, NMBU. Co-lead: Henrik Lindhjem, Menon Economics
Aim of the work package: First, adjust monetary valuation methods and develop specific experimental designs for testing and triangulation in the case studies. Second, to assess how better to include non-monetary values, distributional analysis and stakeholder concerns in cost-benefit analysis’.
WORK PACKAGE 3
Region-specific valuation of ecosystem services and industrial activities
Lead: Margrethe Aanesen, UiT. Co-lead: Gorm Kipperberg, UiS
Aim: To test the analytical framework from work package 2 in four case studies covering economic sectors of present and potential economic importance in Northern Norway.
i. Aquaculture, as marine aquaculture is one of the most prominent Norwegian export industries and is expected to expand significantly in the future.
ii. Marine fishing tourism, studies of the economic impact from marine fishing tourism in Norway concludes that the economic benefits from the industry are quite substantial for coastal communities. Simultaneously, it has been argued that the current management of marine fishing tourism is not sustainable. How does one distribute the resource between commercial and tourist fishing?
iii. Mining, as there in the northernmost county in Norway, Finnmark, there are large, profitable deposits of metals and minerals, and in recent years both national and international companies have applied for extraction concessions. Many of the occurrences are located close to fjords and sea tailings deposits are planned to be used.
iv. Sea transport and oil spill risks, as sea transport carries the risk of oil spills that may impact bio-based industries, tourism and recreation, and the wider population
All case studies will provide monetary valuation of changes in important ES flows in response to policy-relevant future scenarios. Hard-to-value (cultural) ecosystem service changes will be illustrated by non-monetary valuation information.
WORK PACKAGE 4
Integrating ES values into CBA and bio-economic models to inform policy-making
Lead: Henrik Lindhjem, Menon Economics. Co-lead: Ståle Navrud, NMBU
Aim: The final work package aims to utilise the estimated monetary values and non-monetized ecosystem services from work package 3 in cost-benefit analysis’ and bio-economic modelling to inform policy making regarding the use of marine ecosystem services. Here, GIS-spatial representation of ecosystem service value maps; Cost-benefit and stakeholder analysis; Bio-economic modelling and stakeholder analysis, and lessons for policy making will be used collating all the work packages activities.